• OCT is a non-invasive imaging technique that generates in vivo, cross-sectional images of ocular tissues, most frequently the macula.
  • Color Fundus Photography uses a specialized camera to photograph color images of the interior surface of the eye.
  • Fluorescein Angiography (FA) is a diagnostic procedure that uses a special camera and a vegetable-based dye to evaluate the blood flow in the retina.
  • Ocular ultrasound is a non-invasive examination used to evaluate the structural integrity and disease of the eye. It can provide important information when a direct examination is precluded by media opacities, such as dense cataracts or a vitreous hemorrhage.


  • Intravitreal Injections are used to deliver medications directly into the eye. They are commonly used to treat wet macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease, and retinal vein occlusions.
  • Laser Procedures are non-incisional procedures that use thermal energy. Sometimes they are performed to treat retinal tissue with poor blood flow, such as in diabetic retinopathy.  They are also used to barricade retinal tears and small retinal detachments.
  • Pneumatic Retinopexy is an in-office procedure that uses a gas bubble and typically a freezing treatment to repair certain types of retinal detachments.
  • Pars Plana Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure performed in the operating room. It is often performed in conjunction with several other techniques such as membrane peels, laser treatments, or scleral buckles, and is used to treat a number of eye diseases such as retinal detachments, epiretinal membranes, macular holes, and diabetic retinopathy.